4/3/09

The Ellan Vannin



black and white photo of a steam boat pulling into an old harbour mouth


Everyone on board the Manx ferryboat perished in a terrible storm when 24ft waves sent the sturdy vessel to the bottom as she approached Liverpool.

Ellan Vannin (Manx Gaelic for 'Isle of Man') left Ramsey on 3 December 1909 with 14 passengers, 21 crew and 60 tons of cargo including sheep, pigs and vegetables. The weather was reasonable when she set out but deteriorated as the voyage progressed. By the time she reached the Mersey Bar the wind was near hurricane strength with mountainous waves crashing into the ship.

The court of inquiry concluded that the most probable explanation for the disaster was that the 339-ton Ellan Vannin was overcome by the huge seas, although the precise cause of the tragedy remains a mystery.

When the storm abated, her masts could be seen sticking out of the sea. Divers examined the wreck and found damage to the bows. The lifeboat davits were swung out ready for lowering. The Mersey Docks and Harbour Board later blew up the wreck as it was a danger to shipping.

In the Merseyside Maritime Museum collections there is a builder’s wooden half model showing the doomed ship when she was first built in 1860 as the paddle steamer Mona’s Isle. In 1883, she was converted to twin-screw propulsion and renamed Ellan Vannin. The model reflects the view that she was a strong ship. She had put to sea in many a storm when other vessels had run for cover in Ramsey Bay.


A.Duncan photographic postcard of Ellan Vannin.

A contemporary broadsheet carries photographs of some of the people who died in the shipwreck. Dressed in their finery or everyday clothes, they are frozen in time. They include passengers Mr and Mrs Heaton Johnson looking the personification of respectability – he is in his immaculate high-collared shirt, she in a fashionable ruffled dress. Another passenger, WE Higginbotham, appears in full Highland costume. Manxman Mark Joughin stares out of the picture with a full beard, sporting a trilby hat. Captain Teare is in smart uniform while seaman T Corkish wears a lifejacket and sou’wester. Stewardess Mrs Collister has her hair in a bun. All very different people who shared the same fate.

A new Maritime Tale appears every Saturday in the Liverpool Echo.


Ellan Vannin (the Manx name for the Isle of Man) was built as an iron paddle steamer in 1860 in Meadowside, Glasgow, she weighed 339 tonnes and had a length of 69.03 metres. She was rebuilt with twin screws in 1883, this increased her weight to 375 tonnes and the her speed to 12.5 knots. Originally she was called Mona's Isle (2), but was renamed Ellan Vannin following her conversion to a propeller driven ship. She was capable of carrying 300 passengers and normally had a crew of 14. She was owned by the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company, and primarily operated out of the port of Ramsey on the Isle of Man. By 1909 she was the smallest and oldest ship in the Steam Packet fleet. She sank with the loss of all 36 aboard, in a storm in Liverpool Bay on 3 December 1909 whilst bound for Liverpool from Ramsey.

Loss

She had left her home port of Ramsey at 01.13 am, under the command of Captain James Teare, who had some 18 years of experience. She was carrying 15 passengers and 21 crew as well as mail and 60 tonnes of cargo. The weather on departure was moderate, and though the barometric pressure was falling, the captain did not expect a significant deterioration in the weather. However the weather rapidly worsened and by 06.35 am when the ship arrived at the Mersey bar light ship, the wind had risen to gale force 11 and waves were reported to be exceeding 20 feet in height. The ship foundered, (a nautical term for filling with water and sinking), between the bar light ship and the Q1 buoy in the Mersey approach channel. It is believed she was broached by a large wave, which overwhelmed the ship. She sank by the stern with the loss of all passengers and crew.

Aftermath

The Board of Trade inquiry found that the captain was not to blame for the disaster and the cause was extreme weather. Soon after the disaster the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board destroyed the wreck using explosives as it was causing a hazard to shipping in the channel. In January 1910, Captain Teare's body was found washed ashore on Ainsdale beach in Southport, it was subsequently returned to the Isle of Man for burial. A disaster fund was established for those who were dependents of the deceased, the Steam Packet contributed £1,000 to this fund.

Though the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company has a tradition of reusing old ship names, they have never reused the name Ellan Vannin.

A song written by Hugh E. Jones of the The Spinners commemorates the disaster. (Also see external links)

External links


THE LOSS OF THE ELLAN VANNIN



Snaefell, Tynwald, Ben My Chree

Fourteen ships had sailed the sea

Proudly bearing a Manx name

But there’s one will never again

Oh Ellan Vannin, of the Isle of Man Company

Oh Ellan Vannin, lost in the Irish Sea


At one a.m. in Ramsey bay

Captain Teare was heard to say

"Our contract said deliver the mail

in this rough weather we must not fail"

Oh Ellan Vannin, of the Isle of Man Company

Oh Ellan Vannin, lost in the Irish Sea


Ocean liners sheltered from the storm

Ellan Vannin on the wave was borne

Her hold was full and battened down

As she sailed towards far Liverpool Town

Oh Ellan Vannin, of the Isle of Man Company

Oh Ellan Vannin, lost in the Irish Sea


With a crew of twenty-one Manxmen

Her passengers Liverpool businessmen

Farewell Mona's Isle farewell

This little ship was bound for hell

Oh Ellan Vannin, of the Isle of Man Company

Oh Ellan Vannin, lost in the Irish Sea


Less than a mile from the Bar lightship

By a mighty wave Ellan Vannin was hit

She sank in the waters of Liverpool Bay

There she lies until this day

Oh Ellan Vannin, of the Isle of Man Company

Oh Ellan Vannin, lost in the Irish Sea


Few Manxmen now remember

The third day of the month December

The terrible storm in Nineteen-nine

Ellan Vannin sailed for the very last time

Oh Ellan Vannin, of the Isle of Man Company

Oh Ellan Vannin, lost in the Irish Sea


The Ellan Vannin was originally built as an iron paddle steamer and named Mona's Isle [2]. Constructed in Scotland by Tod & MacGregor at Meadowside, Glasgow in 1860 at a cost of 10,673UKL.

She had a gross tonnage on building of 339 tons, top speed of 12 knots and an overall length of 63.09metres.

She was launched on 10 April 1860. In 1883 the Mona's Isle [2] was converted to a twin screw steamer by Westray, Copeland and Co. of Barrow and renamed Ellan Vannin on 16 November 1883.

Ellan Vannin is the Gaelic for "Isle of Man".

After conversion there was a small increase in tonnage to 375 tons and speed increased to 12.5 knots.

The Ellan Vannin could carry up to 300 passengers (50 1st Class) and had a usual crew of 14.

By the time of her loss the Ellan Vannin was one of the smallest and oldest members of the IoMSPCo fleet. In her latter years many of her sailings were from Ramsey in the north of the Isle of Man to Whitehaven, Liverpool and Scotland.

Despite her small size and age she was considered to be a strong ship and often put to sea in many a storm that had caused other ships to run for the shelter of Ramsey Bay.

On the morning of 3rd December 1909 she left Ramsey at 01.13 bound for Liverpool.

She carried 15 passengers, 21 crew plus mail and 60 tons of cargo, which included sheep, pigs and vegetables.

Her master was Captain James Teare of Douglas with 18 years experience.

On departure the weather was moderate, and though the barometric pressure was falling, the captain did not expect any significant deterioration of the weather.

As the passage progressed the weather rapidly deteriorated and by 06.35 when she arrived at the Mersey Bar the wind had risen to force 11 with waves exceeding 20 foot.

She foundered between the Mersey Bar and the Q1 buoy on the Mersey approach channel when it is assumed that she was broached on being swept before the seas.

She filled with water and sank by the stern. All passengers and crew were lost.

After the foundering her masts broke the surface.

Divers inspecting the ship found damage to the bows and that the lifeboat davits had been swung out ready for lowering.

The Board of Trade inquiry found that no blame attached to the Captain and that the cause of the disaster was the extreme weather.

Soon after the disaster the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board demolished the wreck using explosives as it was causing a hazard.

Captain Tear's body was washed ashore on Ainsdale Beach near Southport in January 1910.

His body was subsequently returned to the Isle of Man for burial.

A disaster fund was established to provide for the dependants of the deceased, to which the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company donated £1,000.

in 1976 the disaster was brought to public attention again by a BBC documentary in which the Spinners folk group performed the song "Ellan Vannin" commemorating the disaster.

Since the disaster, The Isle of Man Steam Packet Company has never used the name "Ellan Vannin " as a ship's name even though the company has a tradition of reusing old names. However, in 1996 a Manx registered sail-training vessel SOUTHERN CROSS was renamed ELLAN VANNIN.

The Ellan Vannin Tragedy
Music and Text by Hugh E. Jones (Wee Huge Publications)



Listen to the Song - MP3 or Watch the Video

(If you enjoy this short low bitrate MP3 sample, take a look at our CD. The FULL song is featured in high quality stereo together with 19 other tracks.)

On the morning of 3rd December 1909 the SS Ellan Vannin of the Isle of Man Steam Packet Co. left the Island at 01.13 bound for Liverpool.

She was carrying 15 passengers, 21 crew plus mail and 60 tons of cargo. In command was Captain James Teare of Douglas with 18 years of experience. At departure the weather was not particularly rough, and though the barometric pressure was falling, the captain did not expect any trouble. As the passage progressed the weather rapidly deteriorated and by 06.35 when she arrived at the Mersey Bar the wind had increased to storm force 11 with 20 foot waves. She foundered between the Mersey Bar and the Q1 buoy on the Mersey approach channel. She filled with water and sank by the stern. All passengers and crew were lost.

Although this song is believed by many to be a traditional song from the Isle of Man, it was in fact composed by Hughie Jones, and first performed by his group "The Spinners" from Liverpool. The Spinners enjoyed considerable success during the 1960's and 70's but are now disbanded. Hughie Jones is still performing though and has several CD's available.

Link to a "Spinners" Website




Wreck of Ellan Vannin, 3/4 Dec 1909

Ellan Vannin



Ellan Vannin was originally an iron paddle steamer, "Mona's Isle (II)" built 1860 rebuilt as a twin screw vessel in 1883. Mainly used on Ramsey to Whitehaven & Liverpool routes. Left Ramsey on 3 Dec 1909 bound for Liverpool with 15 passengers (plus mails & cargo) with crew of 21. As approached Mersey was caught in a force 12 NW gale and sank around 7 am with loss of all lives. She was supposed swept by heavy seas, filled and sank stern first.

The name Ellan Vannin was never again used by IoM Steam Packet Co.


Lost (a few names are missing):

BELLISS E 1st Engineer
BENSON J Seaman
BLEVIN E J Passenger
CANNELL W Fireman
CLAGUE A Seaman
COLLISTER Mrs Stewardess
CORKE J Seaman
CORKISH T Seaman
CRAINE F 2nd Engineer
CRAINE J 1st Mate
CROWLEY J Seaman (name usually given [incorrectly] as Crawley)
CRELLIN J Fireman
CRIX Mrs Passenger
CUNNINGHAM J Carpenter
FISHER Miss Passenger
HIGGINBOTHAM W E Passenger
HOLLAND Bert Steward
JOUGHIN Mark H Passenger
JOHNSON Mrs Heaton Passenger
JOHNSON Heaton Passenger
KELLY Wm. Seaman
KINLEY J 2nd Mate
QUAYLE Thos. Passenger
RYDINGS S Donkeyman
SHIMMIN W Donkeyman
TAUBMAN T Fireman
TEARE James Captain

(Donkeyman = operator of small 'donkey' steam engine used for pumping or loading)

Acknowledgement to Paul Smith for list of passengers.

Mark Joughin was on his way to Liverpool to emigate to USA - was PM LP.

References

Manx Quarterly #8 pp699/710 April 1910 (also had photographs of all on board)

Richard Stafford The Ellan Vannin Story Douglas: Manx Heritage Foundation (ISBN 0-952-4019-6-4) 1999

[From Manx Quarterly #8 April 1910]

"ELLAN VANNIN" DISASTER

In the terrific hurricane that prevailed on Friday morning, Dec. 3rd, 1909, the s.s. Ellen Vannin of the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company's fleet, went down with all hands, in some thirty feet of water (at low water), about a mile or more on the Liverpool side of the Mersey Bar.

At about twelve minutes past one o'clock on Friday morning, the steamer left Ramsey Harbour bound for Liverpool, carrying passengers, mails, and cargo. At the time of departure there was blowing a strong breeze, from north-west, but there was nothing in the weather to delay the sailing of the steamer. But about an hour and a half after the Ellan Vannin had proceeded on Lee voyage, the wind very suddenly increased to almost tornado force, the gusts being the most severe that have been experienced for several years past. With the rising of the wind the sea ran in fearful fashion, but as it was aft of the Ellan Vannin no anxiety was felt at the headquarters of the company, the vessel having on many occasions come safely through ordeals quite as bad, if not worse. When, however, telegrams arrived late on in the day announcing that the Ellen Vannin had not reached her port of destination, considerable anxiety was expressed, though the officials at Douglas hoped that nothing worse had happened the steamer than a compulsory run for shelter. There was a constant inter-change of wires between Douglas and Liverpool, and by five o'clock in the after-noon it was recognised that a serious situation had arisen. Mr W. M. Corkill, the manager of the company, summoned the directors to a meeting, and further efforts were made to elucidate the mystery attendant upon the non-arrival of the vessel in Liverpool. At about seven o'clock a telegram was received at the office which caused a feeling of consternation. It was to the effect that during the day the crew of the Formby Lightship had seen floating in the Mersey channel lifebuoys inscribed " Ellan Vannin," several dead sheep, and a quantity of turnips. A portion of the cargo of the steamer consisted of live sheep and turnips, and the flotsam in question gave rise to the fear that the steamer had foundered. More disquieting still was the picking up by the lightship crew of a mail basket, which was sent to the Birkenhead Post Office, and, on being opened; was found to contain letters despatched from Ramsey. The news quickly leaked out, and was spread by word of mouth and telephone all over the Island, the result being general consternation and mourning. Among those whose friends and relatives were on board the fated vessel, hope, died hard. Wreckage of all kinds was being washed ashore during Friday evening and Saturday morning, but they still clung to the possibility of the vessel being afloat somewhere in a derelict condition. The steamer carried no deck cargo, so that the wreckage that was seen floating in the Mersey was dislodged from the holds and saloon of the vessel; but there were those who still refused to believe that the worst had happened, and it was not until Saturday afternoon that all hope was abandoned. Then the Mersey Docks Board's boats brought tidings of having located the wrecked vessel in the position above-mentioned.

The Ellan Vannin, it would seem, rode into the Mersey Channel before an 80-mile gale, She probably passed the Bar Lightship in safety at about 7 o'clock, and entered the "gut," as this part of the channel is called. Here an outgoing tide of five-mile-an-hour was met with. It would come harder through the narrow gut than anywhere; it would here meet the seas that the gale was driving along— a five-mile-an-hour tide fighting against an eighty-mile-an-hour wind. The waters would seethe and bubble, and the poor Ellan Vannin would drive right into the thick of it. It is quite useless to speculate as to the cause of the foundering of the vessel ; but the fact remains that it is one of the worst disasters our annals bear record of.

THIRTY-FIVE PERSONS DROWNED.

The death-roll is appalling. And what makes the catastrophe the more heart-rending is the fact that in nearly every case families are dependent on those who have been drowned. The passengers who lost their lives in the disaster numbered fourteen. They were as follow: —

Mr MARK H. JOUGHIN, Ballawhannell, Bride; who is unmarried.

Mr W. E. HIGGINBOTHAM, Trafalgar Hotel, Ramsey ; leaving a widow and several children.

Mr and Mrs HEATON JOHNSON, Beaconsfield Tower, Ramsey ; leaving three children.

Mr. R. NEWELL, stonemason, of 67 Hampton-road, Croydon, Surrey; leaving one son.

Mr W. WILLIAMS, 12 Walgrave-terrace, Earl's Court Road, London; who is thought to be unmarried.

Mrs W. CRIX and child, College-street, Ramsey; leaving a husband and father.

Miss NELLIE FISHER, servant, Queen's Hotel, Ramsey.

Mr E. J. BLEVIN, accountant, Douglas and Liverpool; leaving a widow and two children.

Mr THOMAS HENRY QUAYLE, Pear-tree Cottage, Andrews; leaving a widow and two children.

Mrs JOHN ALLEN and son, of 14 Slater-street, Liverpool, and Hawthorn Cottage, Maughold ; leaving husband and children.

Miss LOUIE FINDLAY, 83 Gray Hill Road, Well Hill, Eltham, Kent.

The following is a complete list of the crew: —

JAMES TEARE, master, Palatine-road, Douglas; leaving a widow and four children

JOHN CRAINE, mate, Leigh - terrace, Douglas; leaving a widow and five children.

JOHN KINLEY, second mate, Surby, Port Erin; unmarried.

J CUNNINGHAM, carpenter, Mona-terrace, Douglas; leaving a widow and five children.

J. COOK, seaman, Peel; leaving a widow and three children.

J. BENSON, seaman, 13 King-street, Ramsey; leaving a widow and four children.

T. CORKISH, seaman, 15 Church-street, Ramsey ; leaving a widow and four children.

W. KELLY, seaman, Mill-street; Castletown; leaving a widow and six children.

J CRAWLEY,[sic James Lambert Crowley] seaman, Buck's - road, Douglas; leaving a widow and eight children.

A. CLAGUE, seaman, 1 Barrack street, Douglas; leaving a widow and five children.

Engine Department.

E. BELLISS, chief engineer, 43 Dyson-street, Walton, Liverpool; leaving a widow and one child.

F. CRAINE, second engineer, Wynton Villa, Laureston - road, Douglas; leaving a widow and one child.

S. RYDINGS, donkeyman, Big House, South Quay, Douglas; leaving a widow and four children.

W. SHIMMIN, donkeyman, Waterloo-road, Ramsey; leaving a widow and four children.

WALTER CANNELL, fireman, 4 Duke's-road, Douglas; leaving a widow.

J. C. TAUBMAN, fireman, Bigwell-street, Douglas; leaving a widow and two children.

J CRELLIN, fireman, Glenvine, Crosby; leaving a widow and three children. Cabin Department.

T. STUBBS, chief steward, Liverpool; leaving a widow and six children.

BERT HOLLAND, second steward, Head-road; Douglas; leaving a widow and one child.

E. BURKE, cook, Derby-road, Douglas; leaving a son and a daughter.

Mrs CALLISTER, stewardess, Glenvine, Crosby; leaving one son.


THE PASSENGERS,

MR. JOUGHIN.

Mr Mark Henry Joughin
Mr Mark Henry Joughin

Mr Mark Henry Joughin was on his way to America. He had purposed sailing on Saturday by the Cunard liner Campania, in company with Mr Harry Kaighin. Mr Kaighin intended, up to Thursday night, to take advantage of the Ellan Vannin's midnight sailing, but decided then that he would go to Liverpool by way of Douglas, and bid good-bye to his sister and others in Douglas. Mr Joughin was a prominent and successful Northside farmer. He lived with his mother and two sisters at Thurot Cottage, Bride. He was bound for America a second time in connection with the administration of a large estate to which his mother, who is nearly eighty years old, has succeeded by the death of her brother, William Cain, formerly of Kirk Michael, and owner of Ballacorlett in that parish. The American estate is worth about £30,000, and is daily growing more valuable. It is near Minneapolis, Minnesota, and includes 100 acres of timber, for which alone £4,000 has been offered. Two railways through it also enhance its value. Mr Joughin was a local preacher, and his services as such were in great demand.

MR. HIGGINBOTHAM.

Mr Higginbotham

Mr Higginbotham was well-known in the neigbbourhood of Douglas, where for some years he was a draper. For many years be lived at Primrose Cottage, Richmond Hill, with his wife (formerly Miss Bell, of Ballakelly, near St. Mark's), and he carried on a fent business very successfully. On his health failing, he took over the tenancy of the Trafalgar Hotel in Ramsey some years ago. He was on Thursday night bound for his home at Withington, Manchester, with the object of consulting a medical man on his ill-health. He leaves a widow and a daughter and a son, the latter under 16 years of age.

MR. AND MRS. JOHNSON

.Mrs Heaton Johnson
Mrs Heaton Johnson

Mr Heaton Johnson was a Government Civil Servant, holding an important post in the Madras Presidency. He was home on furlough, and with his wife and three children he settled at Beaconsfield Tower, Ramsey. On Thursday night Mr Johnson set out from Ramsey with the object of joining a Bibby liner at Liverpool for India, and Mrs Johnson was accompanying her husband to Liverpool to see him off. Mrs Johnson was a niece to the late Miss Marsh, of Coburg-road, Ramsey, and Mrs Johnson's sister, Mrs Lambert, was taking charge of Mrs Johnson's children (who are attended by an Indian nurse) during her absence Mr Johnson was about 35 years of age, and his kindly bearing and courteous disposition won for him and his family many friends in Ramsey

MR. NEWELL.

Mr Newell was about 60 years of age, and was returning to his home in Croydon after having completed an engagement extending over several months, as a stone-mason at the Roman Catholic Church now in course of erection. It is understood he was a widower, leaving a son.

MR. WILLIAMS.

Mr Williams was probably a little over 40 years of age. He, too, was a stone-mason, and was engaged on the same building. He was unmarried. Both men were well-liked among their fellows.

MRS. ALLEN AND HER SON.

Mr Allen is in business as a plumber and paint manufacture; in Liverpool, but he and his family spend the greater part of the summer and odd week-ends during the rest of the year at Hawthorn Cottage, a picturesque little cottage near Maughold Church. Mr Allen expected his wife to return to Liverpool with her sixteen-year-old son, Ernest, on Thursday night, and he wired to Mr Bell, Ramsey agent of the Packet Company, inquiring if she had left. Everything pointed to the fact that she was one of the passengers, and Mr Allen received the melancholy intelligence late on Saturday afternoon. Mrs Allen had several sons and daughters. The family were well-known and much-respected in Maughold, and were devoted church workers.

MRS. CRIX AND CHILD.

Mrs Crix
Mrs Crix (Passenger)

Mrs Crix, the wife of William Crix, a Ramsey fisherman, was a. young woman of 23 years of age. She was leaving Ramsey with her infant to live with her father in England. Prior to her marriage she was a servant in the Saddle Hotel, Ramsey.

MR. THOS. H. QUAYLE.

An old steward of the Venerable Archdeacon of Man was among the passengers. This was Thomas Henry Quayle, of Pear Tree Cottage, Andreas. He was bound for Liverpool for treatment for trouble with one of his ears. He has left a widow and two young children.

MISS FINDLAY.

Miss Louie Findlay was about 21 years of age, and had been engaged as domestic servant with Mrs McClelland, an English lady living at Brookfield in furnished apartments. She was going to her home in Eltham, Kent, to see her sick brother.

MISS NELLIE FISHER.

Miss Fisher was aged about 40, and was a well-trusted domestic servant. She was seen off by many friends, and was going to take up a position in England. For several years she had been a servant in the Queen's Hotel. Her late father was a jobbing gardener practising in Ramsey and neighbourhood. Her mother, formerly of Gladstone-terrace, is now an inmate of the Braust Charity Cottages, in Ramsey.

MR. E. J. BLEVIN.

Mr E. J. Blevin

Mr E. J. Blevin was 32 years of age. He had been with Messrs Kerruish and Son since 1906. For the past few months he had been a partner, and the firm was known as Messrs Kerruish, Son, and Blevin. For some months past a branch has been open in Liverpool at Cook-street, and thin was under the direct control of Mr Blevin. He was accustomed to cross to the Island on a Tuesday, and had returned by this route for the last three weeks. Mr Blevin was also recently appointed the book-keeping master for the evening schools run by the Higher Education Board for the Eastern District, and he has been extremely popular with the pupils who attended his classes on Tuesday evenings, the number of pupils being the maximum allowed by the regulations. His was the most successful class under the board's control He was a capable business wan, and was ever courteous and obliging in manner. He was an incorporated accountant, and a prizewinner of the Accountants' Society. Mr Blevin's father-in-law, Mr Dean, lost his life only a. few weeks ago by falling off the gangway of the Queen of the North, of which boat he was the engineer. Mr Blevin leaves a. widow and two children, both very young. He lived in Little Switzerland, and was much devoted to his family. His knowledge of the Companies Laws was probably unequalled on the Island. and he rendered valuable assistance to Mr Kerruish in compiling the Companies Act passed by the Legislature.

THE CREW,

CAPT. TEARE.

James Tcare was a Peel man, and he was first given his mastership in the company's fleet in 1904. In that year he took command of the Ellan Vannin. He had sailed foreign for some years, and had risen to the position he held at his death from that of an ordinary seaman before the mast. In the summer he had command of the King Orry. He was married to Miss Cowley, daughter of the late Mr Wm. Cowley, late chief officer of the King Orry, and niece to Capt. Cowley, of the Queen Victoria. He leaves a family of four children. He was a lifelong tee-totaller.

JOHN CRAINE.

A man of about 44 years of age, John Craine, the first mate of the ill-fated vessel, was a Douglas man. He was brother to Mr W. C. Craine, of the South Quay, a prominent townsman. His connection with the Steam Packet Company dated from 1881, when he joined as a. galley-boy. He rose quickly to cook and afterwards he went into the forecastle. On his return to the Island he again entered the employ of the company as a sailor, and a few years later he took his master's ticket. In the summer months he sailed as first mate on the Mona. In his younger days Mr Craine was an enthusiastic Rugby footballer, and played for both the Mona and Douglas Clubs. His widow was formerly a Miss Teare, daughter of Mr Teare, the Douglas to Peel carrier.

JOHN KINLEY.

Mr John Kinley

The second mate on the Ellan Vannin was Mr John Kinley. He hailed from Surby, Port Erin. He, too, held a master seaman's certificate, and during the summer he sailed as first mate on the Fenella. He was about 27 years of age; and was unmarried. He was very well-known in Douglas, and was a member of the Rocket Corps Ambulance Class, in connection with which he secured his first aid certificate in May last. He had a. wide experience as a sailor, particularly schooner sailing.

WILLIAM KELLY.

The only Castletown man on board the Ellan Vannin was Mr William Kelly, who lived at Mill-street. He held a first mate's certificate, and in the summer he sailed as second mate on the Tynwald. His father is in the employ of the Castletown Gas Works, and a brother of the deceased man had just left the Ellan Vannin a day or so before the accident, having been on board the whole of the summer. When the news of the disaster reached Mrs Kelly, she was reading a letter from her husband. His family number six, the eldest being 11 years old.

JAMES CROWLEY.

Another member of the crew of the Ellan Vannin who held a mate's certificate was Mr J. Crowley. He sailed on the Ellan Vannin last summer as second mate His connection with that ship had been most intimate; he having sailed on her before the mast, as second mate, and mate. He married a daughter of Mrs Parfitt and his widow and large family of eight children are living with Mrs Parfitt at Buck's-road. [note name published was Crawley - corrected following info from family]

ALFRED CLAGUE.

Mr A. Clague also held a first officer's certificate. He was a Southside mean, but for something like twenty years he had lived in Douglas. He has for some years past suffered greatly from rheumatism, and prior to joining his ship a week before the disaster. he was laid up on account of his rheumatics. But despite his suffering, he was ever a genial, good-hearted man, and in him the company had a faithful servant of long-standing. He leaves a widow and five children.

JOHN CUNNINGHAM.

Mr J. Cunningham (Carpenter)
Mr J. Cunningham (Carpenter)

Mr J. Cunningham was a Scotsman, and came to the Island very many years ago, when the Chicken Rook Lighthouse was in course of erection. He worked upon it as a carpenter, which trade he followed. When the work was completed he continued to reside in Port St. Mary, and pursued his calling successfully. He married a Miss Hudson, of Port St. Mary, and after living in the town for something like 22 years, he moved, with his family of five daughters and one son, to Douglas. His only son was an engineer, and he met his death in sad fashion a couple of years ago; having been shot by accident on his boat, then lying in the Manchester Ship Canal. Mr Cunningham at one time owned a schooner and sailing craft at Port St. Mary.

JOHN COOK.

Mr J. Cook

A Peel man by birth and upbringing, the late Mr J. Cook lived at Patrick-street, and leaves a grown-up family to mourn his loss He was a member of the Peel lifeboat crew and took part in the famous rescue of twenty-three lives from the St. George, which went ashore near Peel Castle about twenty years ago. In recognition of the services rendered on that historic occasion, the late Mr Cook was presented with a medal by the Norwegian Government On the Ellan Vannin he was an able seaman, but he was formerly used to follow the fishing in the off season He was never a deep sea sailor.

J. BENSON.

Mr J. Benson was a Ramsey man, and he was aged about 54 years. He had been in the employ of the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company for something like 20 years and had a big experience in there waters on almost all of the company's steamers. In the winter he usually engaged in the coasting and foreign trade. He was married to a daughter of Mr Samuel Cooper, of Ramsey, where he was well-known. His family of five children range from 24 years down to 10 years.

THOMAS CORKISH.

Mr T. Corkish

Mr T. Corkish also hailed from Ramsey, and for many years he had been a member of the lifeboat crew at that port. He was married to a daughter of Mr William Taylor, who for many years had the supervision of the Queen's Pier, Ramsey. In early years he engaged in fishing in the winter months His family numbers five, the eldest of them being 17 years of age. One is at present an inmate of the Ramsey Cottage Hospital,

WALTER CANNELL.

Mr Walter Cannell was son of Mrs Cannell, who lives near Church-road in Onchan Village. He was a married man, his widow being a daughter of the late Mr Curphey, joiner. His brother is also in the employ of the company as a fireman on the Douglas. Mr Cannell leaves no family.

JOHN C. TAUBMAN.

The late Mr J. C. Taubman was son of Mr Robert Taubman, who is in the employ of the Douglas Gas Light Co. Some years ago he was a prominent Rugby football player and was a member of the Douglas Club. As a young mean be joined the Army, but after a few years he left and returned to the Island and took up a position under the Steam Packet Co.

JOSEPH CRELLIN.

Mr J. Crellin had lived for many years in Marown, having occupied a cottage with his wife and three sons (all under 10) at Glenvine. He was connected closely with the Wesleyan Methodist body at Crosby, and was a teacher at the Sunday school. He had for some years been a fireman on the company's boats. He was married to Miss Collister, who came from Ballamodda. Mr Crellin was a staunch teetotaller, and a member of the Good Samaritan Rechabite Tent.

SAMUEL RYDINGS.

The late Samuel Rydings was donkey-man on board the Ellan Vannin, and he lived in the Big House, South Quay. He was a Heywood man by birth, and a widow and four children survive him.

FRED. CRAINE.

The second engineer on board the Ellan Vannin. was Fred Craine. He was married and leaves a widow and one child He was about 27 years of age. and lived rn Laureston-road, Douglas. His widow is a daughter of Mr W. H. Cubbon, grocer, Victoria-road. Douglas. The late Mr Craine was a member of the Buck's-road Primitive Methodist Church.

EDWARD BELLISS.

Edward Bellis, chief engineer, was a Liverpool man, and was little known on the Island save by his shipmates, among whom he was popular. He leaves a widow and one child.

W. SHIMMIN.

One of the three Ramsey [corrected by original owner to of Ballasalla - son of W Shimmin] men of the crew was W. Shimmin, a donkeyman on the Ellan Vannin. A widow and four children survive him.

J. STUBBS.

The chief steward of the Ellan Vannin was Mr Stubbs. He was a Liverpool man, but having served -on the Isle of Man steamers for something like twenty years; he. was well known on this side of the channel.

ALBERT HOLLAND.

Mr Albert Holland was son of Mrs Holland, late of Alpine-terrace, Onchan, and was a most courteous and obliging steward. He was married to a daughter of Mr Alex. Lewthwaite, stationer and bookbinder, of Market Hill, Douglas, and leaves one child.

EDWARD BURKE.

Mr E. Burke was cook on the Ellan Vannin. He has been twice married, and by his first wife he leaves a son and a daughter, the former of whom is cook on the steamer Tynwald. His widow was formerly Mrs Burton, and at present, we regret to say, she is lying seriously ill and about to undergo an operation. Mrs Burke is a nurse and midwife by profession.

MRS. CALLISTER.

Mrs Callister

Mrs Callister was the widow of the late Mr Louis Callister, of East Foxdale, and she leaves a daughter of nine years. She spent some time with her husband in South Africa and America, but owing to failing health he was forced to return. She was formerly a Miss Thomson, of Glen vine, Crosby, and was well-known and highly-respected in the neighbourhood, while as a stewardess her kindly manner made her popular with passengers.

The vessel had a carrying capacity of 250 tons, and was laden with about 60 tons of live and dead stock.

With the object of recovering the bodies of those who went down in the Ellan Vannin, diving operations were at once commenced under the direction of the Liverpool Dock Board, but the movements of these engaged in the perilous task were much hampered by reason of the fact that the hull of the vessel soon became embedded in the sand, and the water was so muddy of character that it was only possible for the divers to feel their way about the ship. They succeded, however, in finding three bodies, viz., these of Fdward Burke, the cook; the boy Allen, a passenger; and J. C. Taubman, fireman. Subsequently the bodies of thirteen others were washed up on the shores, of the estuary of the Mersey. These were :-Mr Newell, E. J. Blevin., T. H. Quayle, and Louie Findlay, passengers; James Teare, John Craine, John Cunningham, John Cook, Thomas Corkish, Ed. Belliss. Alfred Clague, Samuel Rydings, and J. Benson members of the crew.

THE RELIEF FUND.

A fund for the relief of the dependants of those who had lost their lives on the Ellan. Vannin was immediately organised, and a. strong committee, headed by his Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor, was formed The sympathy stirred up by the sad affair was reflected in the subscription list, which grew with remarkable rapidity. Within a month of the lamentable catastrophe the subscription list was closed, Manx People all over the world having responded to the appeal in splendid fashion, whilst, throughout England--the North of England particularly-funds were received it once started.

Altogether some £12,000 has been raised, and on Saturday. March 12th, the first distribution was made-

BOARD OF TRADE INQUIRY.

The Board of Trade inquiry into the cause of the foundering of the Ellan Vannin lasted three days It was bold before the Liverpool Stipendiary Magistrate, Mr Shepherd Little, and a considerable amount of evidence was heard. On Saturday, March 12th, judgment was given as follows--

The original cost of the Ellan Vannin to her owners in 1860, when she was built, was £10,673. Including repairs and renewals, the cost of the ship to the owners was about £28,387.

Her declared value when she sailed from Ramsey on her last voyage was £5,000. She was insured for £5,000, the owners taking one-seventh (£714), leaving as a risk to the underwriters £4,286.

Answer to No. 2 question.-She was in good and seaworthy condition as regards full and equipments when she left Ramsey on or about the 3rd of December last. Her cargo was properly stowed and secured from shifting, and the weight so distributed as to make the vessel easy in a sea-way. She had the required freeboard and was in good trim for a voyage to Liverpool.

In the absence of any direct evidence as to the circumstances under which the vessel foundered, it is impossible for the court to express a decided opinion as to the cause of the loss of the Ellan Vannin, but after carefully considering all the theories which have been suggested by various witnesses, and weighing them in the light of the evidence produced, the court is of opinion that the following appears the most probable explanation of what occurred:-

The vessel passed the Bar lightship at about 6-45 am. on December 3rd, the weather at the time being very bad, and the wind was of hurricane force. The sea was of a height of about 24 feet, and generally, the weather was the worst ever experienced in that vicinity. The wind and the sea were slightly on the starboard quarter Before reaching Q1 buoy she boached to and was probably swept by heavy seas, which washed away the after companion, filling the after part of the vessel, and causing her to sink by the stern, leaving the bows out of the water. While in this position, the heavy seas, striking the fore part of the ship would account for the bows being broken off as described by the divers.

The court does not consider there is any evidence of the ship having been previously in collision, either with another vessel or with hitting wreckage, nor do they consider that the fact of the bows breaking off under such exceptional circumstances implies structural weakness. The catastrophe by which the vessel was overtaken must have been so sudden that there was probably no time for those on board even to put on lifebelts or to take any other steps to save life, which accounts for the unfortunate loss of all on board.











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